Health Disease
Neurology Disorders | Cardiology Disorders | Respiratory Diseases | Blood Disorders | Eye Diseases | Endocrine Disorders | Reproductive Disease | Urinary Disorders | Digestive Disorders | Infectious Diseases | Skin Disorders | Immune Disorders | Home Remedies | Herbal Medicines | Drugs & Medicines | First Aid | Plastic Surgery | Depression | Yoga Health | Hair Loss

Home :: Skin Disorders

Skin Infection - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment


Acanthosis Nigricans
Acne Scars
Acrodermatitis Continua
Actinic Keratosis
Allergic Contact Dermatitis
Alopecia Areata
Anal Warts
Androgenic Alopecia
Aphthous Ulcer
Athlete's Foot
Atopic Dermatitis
Atypical Moles
Blue Nevi
Bowens Disease
Bullous Pemphigoid
Capillary Hemangioma
Cavernous Hemangioma
Chapped Lips
Common Warts
Cracked Heels
Dark Circles
Dermatitis Herpetiformis
Dry Lips
Dyshidrotic Eczema
Dysplastic Nevi
Epidermolysis Bullosa
Facial Rashes
Flexural Psoriasis
Fordyce's Condition
Genetal Wart
Genital Herpes
Granuloma Annulare
Guttate Psoriasis
Halo Nevus
Hand Dermatitis
Heat Rash
Herpes Simplex
Herpes Zoster
Hidradenitis Suppurativa
Lymphomatoid Papulosis
Morton's Neuroma
Mucocutaneous Candidiasis
Mycosis Fungoides
Necrobiosis Lipoidica Diabeticorum
Paget's Ddisease
Pemphigus Vulgaris
Perioral Dermatitis
Periorbital Cellulitis
Pityriasis Alba
Pityriasis Lichenoides Chronica
Pityriasis Rosea
Pityriasis Rubra Pilaris
Pityrosporum Folliculitis
Plantars Wart
Poison Ivy
Porphyria Cutanea Tarda
Pruritus Ani
Pseudofolliculitis Barbae
Puffy Eyes
Pustular Psoriasis
Sebaceous Cyst
Sebaceous Hyperplasia
Seborrheic Keratoses
Skin Abscess
Skin Cancer
Skin Darkening
Skin Infection
Skin Tags
Strawberry Hemangioma
Sunburn Treatment
Telogen Effluvium
Tinea Capitis
Tinea Corporis
Tinea Cruris
Tinea Infection
Tinea Versicolor

Infectious skin disease can be due to a variety of causes such as bacteria, viral illnesses, fungi, yeast, even skin parasites. Infections can arise as dry flaky circles that peel or the area may become itchy and red. Some bacteria invade normal skin or wounds (causing wound infection ). Skin infection can produce many symptoms ranging from moist, irritated patches to small pustules that look like pimples. Staphylococcus aureus ( S. aureus ) is the most important of these bacteria in human diseases. Bacteria, like viruses , may also sometimes result in exanthems (rashes). When the skin is punctured or broken, staph bacteria can enter the wound and cause infections, which can lead to other health problems. There is the always present danger of superinfection, once the skin has broken down, with bacteria complicating and prolonging what was supposed to be a swift recovery from a "skin sore". Trauma to the skin, such as a cut or scrape, seems to play a role in allowing bacteria that have been living harmlessly on the skin to establish a foothold and cause infection.

Skin is the largest organ that protects our inside world from the outside world. The carrier sites are usually the nostrils and fexures, where the bacteria may be found intermittently or every time they are looked for. S. aureus can also release toxins (poisons) that may lead to illnesses like food poisoning or toxic shock syndrome. Staph can pass from person to person the same way. So hand washing is the most important way to prevent staph infections. Staph infections in other parts of the body are less common than staph skin infections. They are more likely in people whose immune systems have been weakened by another disease. Staphylococcal aureus bacteria are classified as Gram-positive cocci based on their appearance under a microscope. The best way to resolve skin infections is to identify the original cause of the infection and treat it. There are more than 30 species in the staph family of bacteria, and they can cause different kinds of illnesses - for example, one kind of staph can cause urinary tract infections.

Causes of Skin Infection

The comman causes of Skin Infection include the following:

  • Staphylococcus aureus ( S. aureus or “staph”) has long been recognized as one of the most important bacteria that cause disease in humans. It is the leading cause of skin and soft tissue infections.
  • Usually this happens when people with skin infections share things like bed linens, towels, or clothing.
  • Exposure of traumatized skin to affected aqueous environments (fish tanks) is the leading predisposing factor.
  • People can get skin infections from contaminated objects, but bacteria often spread through skin-to-skin contact.
  • Hosts who are immunocompromised are also at increased risk.
  • Candida is the most frequent cause of yeast infections, which are extremely common.
  • Use of immunosuppressive or corticosteroid medications.
  • Fungal infections are caused by microscopic organisms (fungi) that can live on the skin.

Symptoms of Skin Infection

Some sign and symptoms related to Skin Infection are as follows:

  • Localized skin redness or inflammation that increases in size as the infection spreads.
  • Warmth over the area of redness.
  • Fever.
  • Muscle aches , pains (myalgias).
  • Need to urinate during the night (nocturia).
  • Chills, shaking.
  • Burning sensation or pain when urinating.
  • General discomfort, uneasiness, or ill feeling (occasionally).
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Pain at the site of infection.
  • Joint stiffness caused by swelling of the tissue over the joint.
  • Tight, glossy, "stretched" appearance of the skin.

Treatment of Skin Infection

Here is list of methods for treating Skin Infection:

  • Removal of foreign bodies (eg. stitches) that may be a focus of persisting infection.
  • An antibiotic ointment, such as Polysporin, should be applied thinly four times daily. Polysporin can be purchased without a prescription.
  • Drainage of pus collections.
  • Topical antifungal medications may be used to treat infection of the skin; systemic antifungal medications may be necessary for folliculitis or nail infection.
  • Apply warm, moist compresses to the site to aid the body in fighting infection by increasing blood supply to the tissues.
  • Antibacterial soaps, topical (applied to a localized area of the skin) antibiotics, and systemic antibiotics may help to control infection.
  • Debridement is necessary when infection involves the tendon sheaths, causes persistent pain, or produces a discharging sinus.