Skin darkening is a very common problem. People who have a dark skin often have children who are dark-skinned too. The genes seem to pass on from generation to generation. The another possible cause of skin darkening is the over exposed to sun. The skin darkening is mainly found in womens during pregnancy. Colors of the human skin is created by the brown pigments called melanin. The amount of melanin refers the complexion of the skin. Melanin is produced by special cells called- Melanocytes. A white complexion people, contains no melanin. Fair-skinned people produce very little melanin. Women with darker complexions are more prone to this condition than women with lighter skin. The effects of chloasma may become more pronounced with each pregnancy. Most skin darkening problems can be solved using skin creams specifically formulated for this purpose.
The skin darkening is made worse by exposure to the sun. Using sunscreen when you are outdoors may help prevent it. In most pregnant women, hormonal changes cause darkening of skin that is already darker than the rest of the woman's skin. This darkening may be most obvious in freckles, moles, areolas, nipples, labia and the inner thighs. Some of this darkening may fade after delivery. Good skin cleansing is the best way to avoid or treat acne breakouts. Wash your face with a mild cleanser two or three times a day. Don't wash too often or the skin may become dry, aggravating the problem. Certain types of skin discoloration can be a symptom of skin cancer or other medical problems, so let your practitioner know if changes in skin pigmentation are accompanied by pain, tenderness, redness, or bleeding, or if you notice any changes in the color, shape, or size of a mole. A moderate amount of melanin is present in darker-skinned people. A very dark skinned people produce a great deal. People with albinism have no melanin.
Causes of Skin darkening
The causes for a dark skin or complexion could be many. People who have a dark skin often have children who are dark-skinned too. The genes seem to pass on from generation to generation. The another possible cause of skin darkening is the over exposed to sun. The skin darkening is mainly found in womens during pregnancy. Conditions such as Lichen simplex chronicus is a skin disorder that causes severe itching that leaves the skin thick, dark and patchy.
Common causes and risk factors of Skin darkening:
- Conditions such as Lichen simplex chronicus.
- Varicose veins.
- Over exposure to sun causes the skin to tan.
- Familial polyposis.
Signs and Symptoms of Skin darkening
Sign and symptoms may include the following :
- Loss of Appetite.
- Skin color changes.
- Purple skin.
- Abdominal Pain.
Treatment for Skin darkening
Use a face wash to clean your face. Wash your face twice a day with lukewarm water. Gently massage your face with circular motion. Most of the skin darkening problems can be treated, which means hope for people affected by skin darkening. Some skin treatment methods include ultra-violet lamp treatment, anti-fungal ointment and even surgical removal. Lasers are also used to treat skin problems, but this is done occasionally. Use gentle cleansers and facial creams. Preparations that irritate your skin may make the problem worse.
Treatment may include:
- Use mild soap when washing. Avoid hot showers or baths.
- Red and itchy palms and soles, which may be relieved by using moisturizing creams.
- Heat rash can be soothed by applying cornstarch after bathing, avoiding very hot baths or showers, and keeping the skin cool and dry.
- Lasers are also used to treat skin problems, but this is done occasionally.