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Pruritis - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

 

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Pruritis is associated with underlying systemic illnesses or a bothersome itch. A common cause of pruritis is excessive cleaning of the anal area. Moisture around the anus, from sweating or moist, sticky stools can also cause this. Drinking certain beverages, including alcoholic beverages, citrus juices, milk, and drinks containing caffeine, may aggravate this condition. Other rare causes may include pinworms, psoriasis, eczema, dermatitis, anal infections and allergies. People with pruritis should have a complete evaluation to exclude serious anal or rectal disease that may require medical or surgical treatment. Itching can then be treated by dietary restrictions and topical creams. Drink plenty of fluids to keep your body well hydrated. Dehydration will cause your skin to dry out and become more itchy. If the cause of Pruritis cannot be found or removed, the condition is treated by advising the patient to avoid overheating, alcohol and hot drinks. If you do suffer from Pruritis then you will know that trying to sleep during the evening's can seem to be almost impossible. Antihistamines reduce symptoms of an allergic reaction, such as rash, hives and shortness of breath. Your doctor may recommend antihistamines that can be purchased over-the-counter.

Causes of Pruritis

A common cause of pruritis is excessive cleaning of the anal area. Moisture around the anus, from sweating or moist, sticky stools can also cause this. Most commonly, prurutis ani is caused by foods that are eaten, vitamins, minerals and medications that are consumed and creams, lotions, solutions and soaps that are applied. Itching may also be caused by the body's inability to clear certain toxins due to kidney or liver problems. You should notify your doctor if you have any unusual itching. Other problems that can cause anal itching include pinworms, hemorrhoids, tears of the anal skin, and skin tags.

Common causes and risk factors of Pruritis:

  • Autoimmune disorders.
  • Skin conditions, such as bullous pemphigoid.
  • Hormone Imbalances.
  • Body wide infections such as chickenpox.
  • Excessive Scratching.

Signs and Symptoms of Pruritis

Sign and symptoms may include the following :

  • Intense itching.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Wheezing.
  • Swelling in your face or throat.
  • Difficulty breathing.

Treatment for Pruritis

If the cause of Pruritis cannot be found or removed, the condition is treated by advising the patient to avoid overheating, alcohol and hot drinks. Avoid certain fabrics, such as wool and synthetics that can make your skin itch. To relieve itching, place a cool washcloth or some ice over the area that itches, rather than scratching. People with pruritis ani should have a complete evaluation to exclude serious anal or rectal disease that may require medical or surgical treatment. Itching can then be treated by dietary restrictions and topical creams.

Treatment may include:

  • To remove any small particles of motion, the area can be kept thoroughly clean by washing with warm water.
  • Keep your bowels regular with a high fibre diet or fibre supplement.
  • Antipruritic drug to reduce itching.These drugs are generally antihistamines or mint - like substances such as menthol or camphor.
  • Calamine lotion , a zinc-based anti-pruritic is mostly used one drug.
  • Mild topical corticosteroids for short periods.