Health Disease
Neurology Disorders | Cardiology Disorders | Respiratory Diseases | Blood Disorders | Eye Diseases | Endocrine Disorders | Reproductive Disease | Urinary Disorders | Digestive Disorders | Infectious Diseases | Skin Disorders | Immune Disorders | Home Remedies | Herbal Medicines | Drugs & Medicines | First Aid | Plastic Surgery | Depression | Yoga Health | Hair Loss

Home :: Skin Disorders

Mycosis Fungoides - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

 

Acanthosis Nigricans
Acne Scars
Acne
Acrochordons
Acrodermatitis Continua
Actinic Keratosis
Allergic Contact Dermatitis
Alopecia Areata
Amoebiasis
Anal Warts
Androgenic Alopecia
Angioma
Aphthous Ulcer
Athlete's Foot
Atopic Dermatitis
Atypical Moles
Baldness
Blackheads
Blue Nevi
Boils
Bowens Disease
Bullous Pemphigoid
Capillary Hemangioma
Cavernous Hemangioma
Cellulitis
Chapped Lips
Chilblains
Common Warts
Cracked Heels
Dandruff
Dark Circles
Dermatitis Herpetiformis
Dermatitis
Dermatofibroma
Dry Lips
Dyshidrotic Eczema
Dysplastic Nevi
Eczema
Epidermolysis Bullosa
Erythroderma
Facial Rashes
Flexural Psoriasis
Folliculitis
Fordyce's Condition
Freckles
Furunculosis
Genetal Wart
Genital Herpes
Granuloma Annulare
Guttate Psoriasis
Halo Nevus
Hand Dermatitis
Heat Rash
Herpes Simplex
Herpes Zoster
Hidradenitis Suppurativa
Leucoderma
Lyme
Lymphomatoid Papulosis
Mastocytosis
Melasma
Morton's Neuroma
Mucocutaneous Candidiasis
Mycosis Fungoides
Necrobiosis Lipoidica Diabeticorum
Paget's Ddisease
Pemphigus Vulgaris
Perioral Dermatitis
Periorbital Cellulitis
Pimples
Pityriasis Alba
Pityriasis Lichenoides Chronica
Pityriasis Rosea
Pityriasis Rubra Pilaris
Pityrosporum Folliculitis
Plantars Wart
Poison Ivy
Pompholyx
Porphyria Cutanea Tarda
Pruritis
Pruritus Ani
Pseudofolliculitis Barbae
Puffy Eyes
Pustular Psoriasis
Rosacea
Sarcoidosis
Scabies
Sebaceous Cyst
Sebaceous Hyperplasia
Seborrheic Keratoses
Shingles
Skin Abscess
Skin Cancer
Skin Darkening
Skin Infection
Skin Tags
Strawberry Hemangioma
Sunburn Treatment
Telogen Effluvium
Tinea Capitis
Tinea Corporis
Tinea Cruris
Tinea Infection
Tinea Versicolor

Mycosis Fungoides, is a rare form of non-hodgkin's lymphoma. It is also known as cutaneous T cell lymphoma, which affects the skin. This results in a rash. It first appears on the skin and can spread to the lymph nodes or other organs such as the spleen, liver, or lungs. The disease is typically slowly progressive and chronic. In advanced cases, ulcerated tumors and infiltration of lymph nodes by diseased cells may occur. The disorder may spread to other parts of the body including the gastrointestinal system, liver, spleen, or brain. It affects men twice as often as women, and is more common in black people than in whites. Mycosis fungoides can begin at any age, but the most common age is 50 years old. The cause of the disease is unknown. Diagnosis is sometimes difficult because the early phases of the disease often resemble eczema or even psoriasis. As with any serious disease, it is advisable to pursue the opinion of a medical professional if a case is suspected. Diagnosis is generally accomplished through a skin biopsy.

Must people who have mycosis fungoides have it for years. It can cause death but this is unusual. Most people who have this condition live a normal life span and die of something else. One of the reasons is that MF is one of the most difficult diagnoses to make in dermatopathology. The other reason is that mycosis fungoides is a great imitator and clinical diagnosis, particularly in the early stages, is extremely difficult. Early in the course of disease, skin lesions may be non-specific, with a non-diagnostic biopsy result, and so confusion with benign conditions is common. If treatment is successful the disease can go into a non-progressing state with clinically clear examination and various tests. This is called remission; it can last indefinitely. Treatments may also cause disease not to progress, while still present, and this is called stable disease; it may last indefinitely but is a more serious situation.

Causes of Mycosis fungoides

Common causes and risk factors of Mycosis fungoides:

  • Hereditary or genetic.
  • Lymphoma.

Signs and Symptoms of Mycosis fungoides

Typical visible symptoms include rashlike patches, tumors, or lesions. Itching is common. Classic locations include the face, buttocks, intertriginous areas, and breasts; consistent locations include the trunk and proximal extremities; atypical locations are the distal extremities, the palms or soles and a single lesion anywhere on the body. Diagnosis is sometimes difficult because the early phases of the disease often resemble eczema or even psoriasis. As with any serious disease, it is advisable to pursue the opinion of a medical professional if a case is suspected.

Sign and symptoms may include the following :

  • Skin ulcers.
  • Patches of red and brown color.
  • Itching alone.
  • Spreading of skin rash.
  • Painful open sores.

Treatment for Mycosis fungoides

Treatments such as steroid creams, chemotherapy applied to the skin, or electron beam radiation may be used. Selection of treatments typically depends on patient preference and access to therapies, as well as recommendations by physicians, the stage of the disease, established resistance to prior therapies, allergies of the patient, clinical evidence of a positive benefit:risk ratio, and so on. If an individual's disease does not respond to the skin treatments, or the disease has progressed to the tumor stage, systemic treatments such as recombinant alfa interferon or chemotherapy may be used.

Treatment may include:

  • The steroid creams or ointments are useful to relieve the itching that may occur.
  • Oral or injected chemotherapy are also beneficial.
  • Chemotherapy to the skin is an effective remedy for mycosis fungoides.
  • Electron beam therapy is useful to get relief from pain and itching.  
  • Mild mycosis fungoides can be treated effectively with cortisone ointments.