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Fordyce's Condition - Definition, Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

 

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Fordyces Condition is a chronic degenerative skin disorder. It is characterised by small, yellowish growths, usually on the face. They are generally non-infectious and usually resolve themselves. Though in some serious cases, vaporising laser treatment may be used if they are of cosmetic concern. Oral lesions increase in frequency with age and appear in the majority of elderly individuals. Fordyce's Condition can affect healthy people, or it can be associated with medical problems. They are common in men and women at any age. The condition is found in almost 90 percent of adult men. They may appear as single lesions or as symmetrical groups of 50. A variant of this condition, known as Fordyce's condition causes tiny yellow dots in groups and sometimes in sheets on the lips, inside the mouth, and sometimes on the genital skin.

Fordyce's Condition is a rare skin condition not the disease which are caused by an overgrowth of the sebaceous glands. They are asymptomatic and present in the majority of people. The intermediary cells have a low nucleus-cytoplasm ratio. Fordyces condition is a general type of skin disorders but is very dangerous also. They are generally no dangerous. The papules are present at birth but only become prevalent when the child reaches puberty. Sometimes Fordyce spots cause anxiety but they are completely harmless whether on the lips or on the genitals. They may bleed if injured.. There is no correlation between Fordyce's Condition and systemic conditions. No treatment is necessary. The spots are a form of ectopic sebaceous gland , and are not known to be associated with any disease or illness and are of cosmetic concern only.

Causes of Fordyce's condition

The cause for it is still unknown, but there seems to be a generic link. In 30-40% cases, the main cause of fordyce's condition is heredity disorder. Fordyces sports is most common amoung children and young adults, the reason is not known.

Common causes and risk factors of Fordyce's condition:

  • Viral infection.
  • The overgrowth of sebaceous glands.
  • Family History.

Signs and Symptoms of Fordyce's condition

Fordyces Condition tiny yellow dots in groups and sometimes in sheets on the lips. There is no correlation between fordyce's condition and systemic conditions Tiny yellow dots in groups, sometimes on the genital skin may be seen in fordyce's condition.

Sign and symptoms may include the following :

  • Tiny yellow spots on the lips, on the genital skin and mouth.
  • The tiny dots may be in groups or in sheets.

Treatment for Fordyce's condition

There is no treatment needed, but you can apply Tretinoin gel or cream daily to the affected areas. It will reverse the effects over time and prevent it from getting worse. If the lesions are becoming unsightly and you really feel something needs to be done, a powerful, expensive drug named Accutane will reverse sebaceous hyperplasia, but you will develop new lesions after you stop the medication unless you also use tretinoin cream regularly. It is sometimes removed with diathermy or liquid nitrogen freezing.

Treatment may include:

  • Fordyce's Condition is sometimes removed with diathermy or liquid nitrogen freezing .
  • Accutane can be used for chronic cases of fordyces condition.
  • Tretinoin Gel or Cream is another effective treatment for curing fordyce's condition.
  • TCA chemical peels are sometimes prescribed for instant cure, but Fordyce's Condition reappear as soon as treatment is stopped.
  • This condition can be removed with laser vaporization.