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Acne - Definition, Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

 

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ACNE is a self-limited disorder primarily of adolescents and teenagers. During this age excess sebumis released by the sweat glands (oil secreting glands) which get blocked resulting in obstruction and infection by bacteria. Acne is a Skin disease which causes painful social and psychological effects on sufferers. Many people feel that acne has changed their lives. Some feel it has ruined it. At the very least, they feel they have become different people because of this Skin disease (acne), or they have missed chances or let opportunities slip away because of the way they've felt about themselves and the way they look.

Acne is a disorder that causes outbreaks of skin lesions commonly called pimples. Although acne is usually not a serious health threat, it can be a source of significant emotional distress. Acne develops when the hair follicle of skin gets plugged by overproduction of sebum, dead cells and become infected by bacteria. In fact, about 17 million people in the United States have acne. Acne is so common that it's considered a normal part of growing from a kid to an adult. Acnezine provides antioxidents that can help eliminate the free radicals that are dangerous to skin and promote infections. The small holes in your skin (pores) connect the oil glands under the skin. These glands make an oily substance called sebum. The pores connect by a canal called a follicle. Acne typically affects the skin of the face, back, neck, chest and arms and the severity of the condition can vary. It is the visible end result of hormonal, bacterial and inflammatory disturbances that take place at the level of the oil pore (pilosebaceous follicle). Medical treatment can improve your appearance and self esteem, and prevent the development of lifelong scars.

Acne is a problem for many adults as well as for many teenagers. These factors lead to plugged pores and outbreaks of lesions commonly called pimples or zits. If a pore gets clogged up, closes, and bulges out from the skin, that's a whitehead. Pores contain sebaceous (say: suh- bay -shus) glands (also called oil glands) that make sebum (say: see -bum), an oil that moistens your hair and skin. Acne is moderate when pimples (blackheads , whitehead, and comedones) cover approximately half of the face. If you have moderate acne, consult a dermatologist in order to quickly get a handle on your situation. There are pharmaceutical products that are effective at treating most cases of acne. The processes that cause acne are exactly the same in people with black or brown skin but the impact is altered by the skin pigmentation. Pregnancy, medications, medical problems, rashes, cosmetics, endocrinological, menstrual, psychological, and occupational issues may all play a role in producing acne or requiring a modification of standard treatments. Acne most often begins in puberty. While there is no cure, acne symptoms can be kept under control with proper care. Acne goes away in time without treatment.

Causes of Acne

The comman causes of Acne include the following:

  • The hormone increase in teenage years (this might cause the oil glands to plug up more often).
  • Family history. If other people in your family have acne, there is a greater chance you will have it.
  • Heredity (if you parents had Acne, you might get it too).
  • Starting or stopping birth control pills.
  • Acne occurs when tiny holes on the surface of the skin called pores become clogged.
  • Chloracne - an acne rash caused by exposure to chlorinated hydrocarbons such as dioxins or PCBs.
  • Medicines. Certain medicines, such as those used to treat epilepsy and types of depression.
  • Environment. Exposure to oils and greases, polluted air, and sweating in hot weather aggravate acne.
  • Another factor is heredity or genetics.
  • Drugs. Acne can be a side effect of drugs including tranquilizers, antidepressants, antibiotics , oral contraceptives , and anabolic steroids.

Symptoms of Acne

Some sign and symptoms related to Acne are as follows:

  • Whiteheads: These are created when the openings of hair follicles become clogged and blocked with oil secretions and dead skin.
  • Redness around the skin eruptions.
  • Pustules.
  • NHodules (solid, raised bumps).
  • Inflammation around the skin eruptions.
  • Pimples.
  • Pus-filled lesions that may be painful.
  • Crusting of skin eruptions.
  • Cysts: These are thick lumps beneath the surface of the skin, which are formed by the buildup of secretions deep within hair follicles.

Treatment of Acne

Here is list of the methods for treating Acne:

  • Acne is often treated by dermatologists (doctors who specialize in skin problems).
  • Treatment for acne will include topical or systemic drug therapy.
  • Topical medications are available as cream, gel, lotion, or pad preparations of varying strengths.
  • Scrubbing excessively with any over-the-counter preparation can actually cause acne to worsen by additionally irritating the hair follicles.
  • Over-the-counter acne medications can be used either at bedtime or during the day. Always follow the directions on any acne product.
  • In some cases, a combination of both topical and systemic medications may be recommended.
  • Retinoids (vitamin A derivatives) - such as Retin-A, Differin, and Tazorac - are comedolytic, meaning they lyse or "break up" comedones (blackheads and whiteheads), the first lesions of acne.
  • If home treatments have not worked after two months, or you have severe acne, you should visit your GP.