Respiratory diseases range from mild and self-limiting such as the common cold to life-threatening such as bacterial pneumonia or pulmonary embolism. But for the millions of people who suffer from respiratory diseases, each breath is a major accomplishment. Respiratory tract diseases are diseases that affect the air passages, including the nasal passages, the bronchi and the lungs. People with lung disease have difficulty breathing. Millions of people in the U.S. have lung disease.
Respiratory disease is the name for illness of the respiratory system. These consist of illness of the lung, pleural cavity, bronchial tubes, trachea, upper respiratory tract and of the nerves and muscles of breathing. Respiratory diseases are very frequent; they also induce many deaths. Respiratory disease is liable for over 10% of hospitalizations and above 16% of deaths in Canada . Pulmonary disease is frequently the final cause of death in various conditions. It is unusual not to find some pulmonary disease on autopsy. Smoking may cause irritation and mucus discharge.
Respiratory diseases range from mild and self-limiting for instance the common cold to severe such as bacterial pneumonia or pulmonary embolism. They are a frequent and vital cause of illness and death. A doctor who concentrates in respiratory disease is recognized as a pulmonologist, a chest medicine specialist, a respiratory medicine specialist, a respirologist or a thoracic medicine specialist. Cure of respiratory disease depends on the exacting infection being treated, the severity of disease and the patient. Lifestyle factors for instance regular exercise and healthy nutrition are imperative in preventing and treating respiratory disease. Vaccination can prevent several respiratory diseases.
Asthma - Asthma is manifested physiologically by a widespread narrowing of the air passages, which is relieved promptly by therapy. Most attacks are short lived and last from a few minutes to hours. It may be familial or acquired.
Tuberculosis - Tuberculosis is a specific infectious disease caused by the TB bacillus. The disease primarily affects the lungs. It can however cause disease in any organ of the body. The disease has a slow onset and is a chronic testing one if untreated.
Pneumonia - Pneumonia is defined as an acute inflammation of the lung tissue.
Lung Abscess - A lung abscess is a pus-filled cavity in the lung surrounded by inflamed tissue and caused by an infection.
Acute Bronchitis - Acute Bronchitis is defined as an inflammation of the bronchioles especially seen in infants and children.
Pleural Effusion - Pleural effusion itself is not a disease as much as a result of many different diseases. If blood is in the accumulating fluid, the condition is called "hemothorax"; if pus is present, it is called "empyema"; if air enters the space, it is called "pneumothorax"; and if there is chyle (milky fluid consisting of lymph and fat), it is called "chylothorax."
Pneumothorax - A pneumothorax is defined as free air (pneumo) trapped within the chest cavity (thorax) - but not within the lungs themselves.
Chronic Bronchitis - Chronic bronchitis is an inflammation of the airways in the lungs. Most cases of acute bronchitis disappear within a few days without lasting effects, although coughs may linger three weeks or more.
Emphysema - Emphysema condition is defined as the distention of the air spaces distal to the terminal bronchioles withdestruction of alveolar septa within the lungs.