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Home :: Neurology Disorders

Dissociative Identity Disorder - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment


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Children with dissociative disorders exhibit a plethora of fluctuating abilities, moods, fears, and anxieties; shifting preferences; inconsistent knowledge; and other evidence of erratic access to information and skills. DID is more common among close biological relatives of persons who also have the disorder than in the general population. Patients often exhibit a wide array of symptoms that can resemble other neurologic and psychiatric disorders, such as anxiety disorders, personality disorders, schizophrenic, mood psychosis and seizure disorders. Dissociative identity disorder is chronic and potentially disabling or fatal, although many with the disorder function very well and lead creative and productive lives. Drug therapy can relieve some specific coexisting symptoms, such as anxiety or depression, but does not affect the disorder itself. Other treatments include cognitive and creative therapies. Psychotherapy is the treatment of choice for individuals suffering from any type of dissociative disorder. Behavior therapy-As an increasing number of therapists view DID as iatrogenic, or caused by reinforcing treatment teams, new approaches have emerged.

Causes of Dissociative Identity Disorder

Common Causes and Risk factors of Dissociative Identity Disorder

  • Overwhelming stress.
  • Perceptions.
  • Conscious awareness.
  • Abnormal psychologic development.
  • Insufficient protection.
  • Nurture during childhood.

Signs and Symptoms of Dissociative Identity Disorder

Common Sign and Symptoms of Dissociative Identity Disorder

  • Depression.
  • Anxiety.
  • Phobias.
  • Fluctuating levels of function.
  • Dysfunction.
  • Eating disorders.
  • Post traumatic stress.

Treatment for Dissociative Identity Disorder

Common Treatment for Dissociative Identity Disorder

  • Hypnotherapy and nonverbal therapy are commonly used in the treatment of DID.
  • Nonverbal treatment methods such as art and play therapy have also been proven useful in treating DID.
  • Art therapy seems to be a freer expression of thoughts and feelings than verbal methods.
  • Psychotherapy is the treatment of choice for individuals suffering from any type of dissociative disorder.
  • Antianxiety drugs or tranquilizers may be prescribed to help control the mental health symptoms associated with it.