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Home :: Neurology Disorders

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment


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ADHD is related, to but different than, learning disabilities (LD). About 20% to 25% of children with ADHD meet criteria for a learning disorder. As many as 5 out of every 100 children in school may have AD/HD. Boys are three times more likely than girls to have AD/HD. Problems generally associated with ADHD include inattention, hyperactivity and impulsive behavior. ADHD may lead to difficulties with academics or employment and social difficulties that can profoundly affect normal development. However, exact morbidity has not been established. ADHD is a developmental disorder that requires an onset of symptoms before age 7 years. After childhood, symptoms may persist into adolescence and adulthood, or they may ameliorate or disappear. Symptoms include excessively, consistently and involuntarily having difficulty: These symptoms must significantly affect a child's ability to function in at least two areas of life typically at home and at school. Hyperactivity, in particular, is generally less overt in adults.

Children may race around madly; adults are more likely to be restless and to have trouble relaxing. Impulsive children seem unable to curb their immediate reactions or think before they act. Some impairment from the symptoms is present in two or more settings. These behaviors can cause a child to have real problems at home, at school, and with friends. As a result, many children with AD/HD will feel anxious, unsure of themselves, and depressed. There are several clinically proven effective options available to treat people diagnosed with ADHD. ADHD is treated most effectively, and cost efficiently, with medication. Children in the combined therapy group received both treatments, that is, all the same assistance that the medication-only received, as well as all of the behavior therapy treatments. Mothers smoking during pregancy and a higher rate of ADHD in their children. Avoiding smoking, alcohol, and drugs during pregancy may help prevent a higher risk of developing ADHD or similar behaviour in offspring. The most effective form is with stimulant drugs, such as methylphenidate (Ritalin), which improve a child's ability to focus. Support for the family is also important.

Causes of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Common Causes and risk factors of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

  • Environmental factors.
  • Brain Injury.
  • Food Additives and Sugar.
  • Genetics factors.
  • Protein deficiency .
  • Alcohol.
  • Smoking.
  • Reaction Drugs.

Signs and Symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Common Sign and symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

  • Hyperactivity.
  • Impulsivity.
  • Inattention.
  • Inability to deal with stress
  • Mood swings
  • Hot Temper.
  • Language and speech problems.

Treatment for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Common Treatment for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

  • Medications such as stimulants have long been employed in the treatment of Attention Deficit Disorder. Methylphenidate and Dexamfetamine is the main medicine used for the treatment of ADHD.
  • Treatment may include help stress management, and educational support.
  • Behavioral approaches can be attempted to help the child concentrate on sitting still, staying on task or thinking before acting.
  • Several nutritional approaches have been proposed. The Feingold Diet appears to work at best for 1-2% of children with ADHD.
  • Avoiding smoking, alcohol, and drugs during pregancy may help prevent a higher risk of developing ADHD or similar behaviour in offspring.
  • Specific speech and language intervention vary from child to child with ADHD.
  • Support for the family is also important.