Infectious pathologies are usually qualified as contagious diseases due to their potentiality of transmission from one person or species to another. Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungi; the diseases can be spread, directly or indirectly, from one person to another. Infectious diseases kill more people worldwide than any other single cause.
Infectious diseases kill more populace worldwide than any other distinct reason. Infectious diseases are induced by pathogenic microorganisms, for instance bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungus; the diseases can be increase, directly or indirectly, from one person to another. You can get impure by touching, eating, drinking or breathing a little that contains a germ. Germs can as well increase during animal and insect bites, kissing and sexual contact. Combating infectious diseases today is much easier than in the past. Through proper hygiene and proper defense, in addition to numerous vaccines and quickly advancing medical technology, people are better equipped than ever to avoid getting sick. Prevention is the key to combating many infectious diseases.
Spread of an infectious disease may arise during one or more of diverse pathways including physical contact with tainted individuals. Part of preventing the extend of an infectious disease includes appropriate hand washing methods, taking certain precautions, following the nationally suggested immunization schedule for children and adults, and taking medications correctly. Another efficient way to reduce the diffusion rate of infectious diseases is to recognize the effects of small-world networks. Diagnosis of contagious disease is nearly forever initiated by medical history and physical examination. Immunization can radically decrease your chances of contracting many diseases.
Influenza - INFLUENZA is an acute respiratory illness caused by infection with influenza viruses. It affects all age groups round the year.
Measles - Measles is an acute febrile eruption, which is a worldwide phenomenon. It is an extremely infectious disease. It occurs in children in epidemics especially during the first eight years. In India it is common during the months of January-March. A virus causes measles.
Herpes Zoster - HERPES ZOSTER is a sporadic disease. It is the consequence of the reactivation of latent virus from the spinal cord. It is a disease generally of the middle age and elderly.
Herpes Simplex - The Herpes Simplex virus produces a variety of infections involving mucous-skin junctions (lips), the central nervous system and the genitals.
Rubella - Rubella is a three-day mild measles. However, if a pregnant woman gets it, it may lead to
serious fetal infection and malformation. It is caused by the rubella virus.
Chicken Pox - Chicken Pox is a highly contagious condition. It affects both of all age groups. It is however
a common occurrence amongst children of 3-8 years of age. Immunity for life. Adult chicken
pox is rare. But when it occurs it can be a serious attack with complications.
Polio - The polio virus has an affinity for the central nervous system, which they usually reach by
passage across the blood-brain barrier. Also the motor nerves supplying muscles are particularly vulnerable to infection.
Mumps - Mumps is an acute communicable disease of viral origin characterised by painful enlargement
of the parotid glands. Mumps is common in children between the age of 5-9 years. One
attack of mumps gives lifelong immunity.
Rabies - Rabies is an acute viral disease of the central nervous system that affects all mammals. It is
transmitted by infected secretions usually saliva. Most exposures to rabies are through the
bite of an infected animal.
Malaria - Malaria is a disease transmitted by the bite of infected Anopheles mosquitoes. In spite of
India's National Malaria Eradication programme, this disease which had been under control
has suddenly made a comeback. The resurgence of malaria is now a heavy burden on India.
Elephantiasis - Elephantiasis are worms that dwell in the tissue beneath the skin and in the lymphatic system.
Filariasisis a very common condition amongst people of India living in the coastal regions
of Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
Typhoid Fever - Typhoid Fever disease is caused by a bacteria called Salmonella typhi. It is a common diseasein the
sub continent and affects all age groups. The poor hygiene conditions, open
sanitation habits, flies, sale of exposed food, and illiteracy is responsible for this disease.The
incubation period is 3 to 60 days.
Whooping Cough - Whooping Cough is an acute infection of the respiratory tract, seen only in children. It is typically a
prolonged illness with an average duration of 6-8 weeks. The incubation period is 7-10 days.
Hansen's Disease - Hansen's Disease is a chronic infectious disease caused by the leprosy bacillus. It affects mainly the
peripheral nerves, the skin, muscles, eyes, bones, testes and internal organs. It is one of the
oldest disease known to mankind. The word leper comes from a Greek word. In India it is
knownas "KushtaRoga"and is attributed to a punishment from God.
Tetanus - Tetanus is a neuralgic disorder, characterised by increased muscle tension and spasms (Trismus).
The disease is caused by a bacteria called clostridium tetani. This organism is foundin soil
and in animal feces. This disease is commonin rural areas of India where soil is cultivated.
Plague - Plague is an acute disease caused by Yersina pestis. It is one of the most lethal infectious
disease known. The plague bacteria is present in India where rodent menace exists. It is
transmitted to humans typically by the bite of a flea. Plague may be known as bubonic,
septicemic or pneumonic.