Sjogren's syndrome is an autoimmune disorder in which immune cells attack and destroy the glands that produce tears and saliva. Sjogren's syndrome is also associated with rheumatic disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis. Sjogren's syndrome affects 1-4 million people in the United States. Most people are more than 40 years old. Sjögren's may also cause dryness of other organs, affecting the kidneys, GI tract, blood vessels, lung, liver, pancreas, and the central nervous system. People with this disease have abnormal proteins in their blood suggesting that their immune system, which normally functions to protect the body against cancers and invading infections, is reacting against their own tissue. Complications in other parts of the body occur rarely in patients with Sjögren's syndrome.
Pain and stiffness in the joints with mild swelling may occur in some patients, even in those without rheumatoid arthritis or lupus. Sjögren's syndrome is a chronic disease in which white blood cells attack the moisture-producing glands. Neurological complications that cause symptoms such as numbness, tingling, and weakness have also been described in some patients. Some people may experience only the mild symptoms of dry eyes and mouth, while others go through cycles of good health followed by severe disease. Many patients are able to treat problems symptomatically. The hallmark symptoms are dry eyes and dry mouth, but it is a systemic disease, affecting many organs and may cause fatigue.It is one of the most prevalent autoimmune disorders.
Causes of Sjogrens Syndrome
Common causes of Sjogrens Syndrome
- Viral infection.
- Hormones factors.
Symptoms of Sjogrens Syndrome
Common Symptoms of Sjogrens Syndrome
- Dry eyes/mouth.
- Difficulty swallowing.
- Dry cough.
- Oral yeast infections.
- Dry nose, throat and lungs.
Treatment of Sjogrens Syndrome
Common Treatment of Sjogrens Syndrome
- Medicationsis always use (aspirin, plaquenil (hydroxychloroquine).
- For dry mouth, sip ,Seek treatment for oral yeast infections; use saliva substitutes.
- For dry eye - Use artificial tears,Eye ointments.
- For dry skin, - Use moisturizers.
- For dryness,Use lubricating jelly.