Acquired immune deficiency syndrome is a human viral disease. It is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus. It is spread most commonly by having unprotected with an infected partner. It also is spread through contact with infected blood and injection drug users by the sharing of needles or syringes contaminated with very small quantities of blood from someone infected with the virus. It is transmitted through direct contact of a mucous membrane or the bloodstream with a bodily fluid containing HIV. Women can transmit HIV to their babies during pregnancy or birth. It also can be spread to babies through the breast milk of mothers infected with the virus. If the mother takes certain drugs during pregnancy, she can significantly reduce the chances that her baby will get infected with HIV. These symptoms usually disappear within a week to a month and are often mistaken for those of another viral infection. During this period, people are very infectious, and HIV is present in large quantities in genital fluids.
HIV is not spread through casual contact such as the sharing of food utensils, towels and bedding, swimming pools, telephones, or toilet seatsand. HIV is not spread by biting insects such as mosquitoes or bedbugs. Some people who have HIV infection may not develop any of the clinical illnesses that define the full-blown disease of AIDS for ten years or more. Physicians prefer to use the term AIDS for cases where a person has reached the final, life-threatening stage of HIV. Children with AIDS may get the same opportunistic infections as do adults with the disease. In addition, they also have severe forms of the typically common childhood bacterial infections, such as conjunctivitis (pink eye), ear infections, and tonsillitis. Symptoms of opportunistic infections common in people with AIDS is Coughing and shortness of breath, Seizures and lack of coordination and Difficult or painful swallowing, Nausea, abdominal cramps, and vomiting and Weight loss and extreme fatigue.
Causes of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Common causes of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
- Infected blood.
- Contaminated needles.
- Mother( pregnancy) to child.
Symptoms of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Common Symptoms of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
- Enlarged lymph nodes.
- Lack of energy.
- Weight loss.
- Short-term memory loss.
Treatment of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Common Treatment of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome.
- Antiretroviral treatment directly after a highly significant exposure, called post-exposure prophylaxis.