Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin. The cause of diabetes continues to be a mystery, although both genetics and environmental factors such as obesity and lack of exercise appear to play roles. It is a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia and other signs, as distinct from a single illness or condition. Diabetes can cause many complications. Acute complications may occur if the disease is not adequately controlled. Serious long-term complications include cardiovascular disease, chronic renal failure, retinal damage (which can lead to blindness and is the most significant cause of adult blindness in the non-elderly in the developed world), nerve damage, and microvascular damage, which may cause erectile dysfunction and poor healing. There are different kinds of diabetes. The main ones are type 1 and type 2. With type 1 diabetes, your body does not make insulin. With type 2 diabetes, the more common type, your body does not make or use insulin well. Without enough insulin, the glucose stays in your blood. Pregnant women can also get diabetes, called gestational diabetes.
Gestational diabetes is brought about by the many hormone changes and demands placed upon the body during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes is a temporary condition caused by pregnancy and usually occurs in the later stages, once the baby has formed but is still growing. Daily monitoring and careful control of blood sugar levels are the most important steps to take for people with diabetes. The early symptoms of untreated diabetes mellitus are related to the elevated blood glucose levels. Both forms of diabetes ultimately lead to high blood sugar levels, a condition called hyperglycemia. Over a long period of time, hyperglycemia damages the retina of the eye, the kidneys, the nerves, and the blood vessels. Symptoms of type 2 diabetes may include fatigue, thirst, weight loss, blurred vision and frequent urination. Some people have no symptoms. Glucose levels are normally lower during pregnancy, so the cutoff levels for diagnosis of diabetes in pregnancy are lower. There is no cure for diabetes. Treatment involves medicines, diet, and exercise to control blood sugar and prevent symptoms and complications.
Prevention of Diabetes
- Prevention includes measures to prevent the development of diabetes.
- Studies of both men and women have shown that vigorous exercise, even if done only once a week, has a protective effect against diabetes.
- The use of a diet low in calories and in saturated fat is an ideal strategy for preventing Type II diabetes.
- Smoking is especially dangerous for people with diabetes who are at risk for heart and blood vessel diseases.
Home Remedies for Diabetes
- Take buchu, cayenne, goldenseal, juniper, licorice, and ura ursi in capsule form.
- The best remedy for this disease is the bitter gourd, better known as ‘karela'. Eat this vegetable as often as you can or have at least one tablespoon of karela juice daily to reduce blood sugar levels in your blood and urine.
- The leaves of Butea tree are very useful in diabetes. They reduce blood sugar and are useful in glycousia.
- Take bitter melon, in any form, without any fear, and Jamun and powder of its seed.
- Take Garlic in capsules it helps circulation and regulates sugar level.
- Leaves of mango tree also fight diabetes. Boil 3-4 fresh leaves of mango tree in the morning and drink.