Dark circles or Eye circles under the eyes are an extremely common and distressing issue. Dark circles make you look older, tired, stressed, sick, depressed and just plain bad. They are very obvious and annoying. They are difficult to cover up and even harder to get rid of. There are many contributing factors to the development of these dark circles and even more things that can make them worse. Some factors are unavoidable -- like age and ill health -- but many can be prevented and treated easily. Genetic hyper-pigmentation is a common form of dark circles. Even in darker skinned people, exposure to sunlight, especially during the summer months, can cause a higher-than-normal level of skin pigmentation under the eyes. Some food allergies can also cause the area under the eyes to appear darker. Any medications that cause blood vessels to dilate can cause circles under the eyes to darken. Excess folds of skin under the eyes will also make dark circles more pronounced. Dark eye circles could be a sign of excessive loss of water from the body ( dehydration ).
Dark circles appear under the eyes more often on older individuals as the skin around the eyes loses elasticity. Dark circles under the eyes runs in families. They tend to be more noticeable in people with fair skin or deep-set eyes. Conditions that cause fluid retention (e.g. heart, thyroid, kidney, liver diseases) or medications that cause blood vessel dilation may be a factor. Because the skin around the eyes is subjected to more stress than most other areas of the skin, this is one of the earliest problem areas for many patients. Dark circles are likely to become more noticeable and permanent with age. Lack of sleep can make skin look pale, allowing blood vessels to show through and give the appearance of dark circles. But there are other causes of dark circles. The best way to prevent dark circles under the eyes is to eat, drink and sleep well, reduce stress and combat fatigue. Over-the-counter products may help diminish dark circles under eyes. Treatment for chronic and severe undereye circles is directed at the underlying cause, if known, and may include bleaching agents and laser therapy.
Prevention of Dark Circles
- Using a daily moisturizer with sunscreen.
- Maintaining a healthy and balanced diet with plenty of iron and vitamin K, and getting enough sleep.
- Avoid caffeine late in the day.
- Try mind- body techniques.
Home Remedies for Dark Circles
- Dark Circles can be removed by applying peeled and grated potato overnight at least three times a week.
- Dark circles can be removed by doing pranayam daily for at least five minutes.
- Dip cotton balls in rose water and keep for 5-10 minutes.
- Alternate hot and cold compresses under your eyes for 10 minutes. Then apply a teaspoon of almond oil mixed with half teaspoon of lime juice on the dark surface every night before going to bed.
- Add some mint leaves, lemon juice, and salt to tomato juice and drink.
- Drinking good amount of water also helps in lightening the dark circles under the eyes.
- Application of cream with vitamin E and C also helps in reducing the dark circles.