Dandruff particles are visible flakes of skin that have been continuously shed from the scalp. Surprisingly, dandruff is a bit of an enigma. Dandruff can cause either an overly dry scalp with itchy white flakes that may be waxy or greasy or dandruff can manifest as an oily greasy scalp with scales. Dandruff can happen at any age but is most commonly found in people between the ages of 12 and 80. Dandruff is usually seasonal. It is most severe during the winter and mildest during the summer. Surprisingly, dandruff is a bit of an enigma. Dandruff scales usually occur as small, round, white-to-gray patches on top of the head. Scaling can occur anywhere on the scalp, in the hair, on the eyebrows, the beard and can spread to the neck and shoulders. Seborrhea can present as a variety of conditions such as dandruff, thick scales on the scalp, redness on the face or in the armpits, or raw, red patches below the breasts. They are noticeable when brushing the hair and can gather on the shoulders. The condition usually responds very well to treatment, but will commonly reoccur if treatment is stopped.
People with oily hair tend to have dandruff more often. In most cases, dandruff can be self-diagnosed without the aid of a physician. Dandruff usually does not require medical treatment. However, if, in addition to dandruff, a person also has greasy scaling on the face, eyebrows and eyelashes and thick, red patches on the body, he or she may have the more severe form of seborrheic dermatitis. Dandruff is a chronic condition that can almost always be controlled, but dandruff treatment may take a little patience and persistence. In general, mild scaling can often be helped by daily cleansing with a gentle shampoo to reduce oiliness and cell buildup. In severe cases dermatologists will prescribe a special ointment or lotion to treat the problem. It is generally agreed that drugstore products which contain zinc pyritheone or selenium sulfide are the most effective in ridding the scalp of dandruff flakes. Garlic and oil of oregano are also excellent for fighting dandruff. Severe dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis are really related conditions and can often be controlled by prescription medications.
Prevention of Dandruff
- Washing your hair at least three times a week.
- Avoiding the use of chemicals on the scalp, such as those used in hair colouring.
- Making sure that you have enough vitamins such as zinc, beta-carotene, B6, B12 and selenium in your diet.
- Regular daily brushing.
- Sunlight may be good for dandruff. But because exposure to ultraviolet light damages your skin and increases your risk of skin cancer, don't sunbathe.
Home Remedies for Dandruff
- The use of fenugreek seeds is one of the most important remedies in the treatment of dandruff.
- A valuable prescription for removal of dandruff is the use of green gram powder. The hair should be washed twice a week with two tablespoons of this powder mixed with half a cup of curd.
- Create a mixture of curd, lime juice, cider, vinegar, and amla juice and apply to hair.
- Apply warmed coconut oil with the juice of two lemons, and leave in hair for two hours before shampooing out.
- Exposure of the head to the rays of the sun is also useful measure in the treatment of dandruff.
- Rinse the hair after soaking some neem leaves in water and then filtering.