Guggul is a well known Ayurvedic herb. It is belongs to the Burseraceae family and is native to Middle East. Guggul, also known as Commiphora Mukul and Indian Bedellium and it is a very effective herbal medicine for controlling oleaginous and cholesterol. Guggul Botanical Name is Commiphora mukul. This is a flowering plant (generally leafless) reaching up to 4 m in height, with thorny branches and red or pink flowers bearing four small petals. Resin of the guggul plant, also called gum guggulu, is the yellowish matter produced by the stem of the tree. Gum resin of guggul is used as the source of extracts from the plant.
Guggul is a resin known to increase white blood cell counts and obsess strong disinfecting properties. It has long been known to lower cholesterol and triglycerides, while manage or improve the HDL to LDL ratio. It is one of the very first "broad spectrum drugs" having a broad therapeutic range. A broad mode of action makes this herb very benefic even in protecting against ailments such as common cold, and motley skin, dental and ophthalmic infections. Guggul grows well in a poor soil, so it may be present in dry African soil, as well as in rocky tracks of Western India and Eastern Himalayas.
In general, the plant favours arid and semi-arid climates. Ayurvedic medicine has been using guggul gum as a traditional remedy using its beneficial qulaities. They comprise relief from ulcers, obesity, epilepsy, and rheumatoid arthritis.Guggul is also helpful in relieving from constipation. Improvement of the blood circulation, relief from high blood pressure and aphrodisiac pecularities are the advanced benefits for which guggul is favored both in herbal and traditional medicine. Guggul helps reduce high cholesterol.
Guggul is released most forms in the market include powdered resin in capsule form and liquid extract. Less common is the tea made of the guggul extracts. Since guggul resin has a gooey texture. Commiphora Mukul varies from a woody shrub to a small tree of 4 to 6 feet tall with spineous branches. The leaflets are 1-3 in number and rhomboid to ovate in shape, intermittently toothed margin. The ash-coloured bark comes off in rough flakes exposing the underbark which also peels off in thin papery rolls exuding a yellowish resin called Guggul that has a balsamic odor. This resin is used for medicinal purposes. Flowers small, brown to pink in color. Fruit-drupe, red, ovate, cuspidate in shape.
Guggul tree remains without any foliage for most of the year. A healthy tree yields 250-500 grams of resin gum in one season. Guggul plants basically begin yielding resin after five years during the winter months.
Guggul contains resin, whimsical oils, and gum. It contains phytosterols named guggulsterones, organic acids, redolent acids, diterpenes, lignans, sterols, steroids, esters and fatty acid alcohols. The oleoresin contains 0.37% essential oil chiefly Myrecene, Dimyrecene, and Polymyrecene. Used publically, guggul shows excellent anti-inflammatory effects, acts as a good pain reliever, and is helpful in curbing wounds and infections. The guggul extract also act as an efficacious nerve tonic and stimulate nervous system in general enhancing the functionality of the brain. It causes an increase in leukocytes in the blood and stimulates Phagocytosis and rheumatism, Gout, scrofulous (lymph node) affections and nervous diseases.