Ginger is commonly used as a spice in world. Ginger grows in India, Southeast Asia, West Africa and Caribbean. Ginger is most commonly known for its efficaciousness as a digestive aid. It derives its name from the Sanskrit word stringa-vera, that means “with a body like a horn”, as in antlers. Ginger is also candied, is used as a flavoring for candy, cookies, crackers and cake, and is the main flavor in ginger ale a sweet, carbonated, non- alcoholic beverage. Ginger has been significant in Chinese medicine for many centuries, and is specified in the writings of Confucius.
Ginger's anti-inflammatory properties help ease pain and reduce inflammation related with arthritis, rheumatism and muscle spasms. Ginger has long been imputed aphrodisiac powers, taken either internally or externally. A perennial slinking plant, with thick tuberous rhizome, producing a an erect stem 30 - 100 cm (1-3 ft) tall.
The lance-shaped leaves are bright green, 15 - 20 cm (6-8 in) long, with a illustrious longitudinal rib, enclosing conical clusters of small yellow-green flowers marked with purple speckles. It is disseminated from rhizome cuttings, planted on rich, well drained loam. Important active constituents of the ginger root are thought to be volatile oils and caustic phenol compounds (such as gingerols and shogaols).
It requires a tropical climate with both a heavy rain season and a hot dry season. Plants shoot in ten days and are cultivated after nine to ten months.Ginger is a known diaphoretic, meaning it causes one to sweat.
Ginger helps reduce indigestion, gas pains, diarrhea and stomach cramping. Constituents of Ginger Root comprise gingerols, zingibain, bisabolenel, oleoresins, starch, essential oil (zingiberene, zingiberole, camphene, cineol, borneol), mucilage, and protein. Ginger's therapeutic properties effectively provoke circulation of the blood, removing toxins from the body, cleansing the bowels and kidneys, and nourishing the skin.
Ginger root is also used to treat nausea linked to both motion sickness and morning sickness. Ginger has been studied to be even more effective than Dramamine in curbing motion sickness, without causing drowsiness.
Ginger is used to mitigate postsurgery nausea as well as nausea caused by motion, chemotherapy, and pregnancy. Other uses for Ginger Root comprise the treatment of asthma, bronchitis and other respiratory complications by loosening and expelling phlegm from the lungs. Ginger Root may also be used to help break fevers by warming the body and increasing sweating.