Gentiana is a genus of flowering plants. This a large genus because it is a 400 species. Gentian use in ethnic and traditional settings may differ from perceptions accepted by current Western medicine. This is a cosmopolitan genus, happening in alpine habitats of temperate regions of Asia, Europe and the Americas. Few species also occur in northwest Africa, eastern Australia and New Zealand. Gentian is also known as gentianine, seamless gentian, yellow gentian, bitter root, bitter wort, pale gentian, and gall weed.
Gentiana combines well with Zingiber, Elettaria and Rheum palmatum. Gentians can be predicated in moist meadows, on wooded slopes and damp roadside ditches, in widely scattered localities. This beautiful plant is a long-lived perennial having terminal clusters of realistic blue to purplish flowers. Gentian is often addlepated with Gorse, but in fact they can be told apart quite easily. People in a Gorse state have adjudicated to give up and so feel completely without hope. They have pitched their tents and spurn to be encouraged, and even if they are persuaded to try to find a way out they will do so grudgingly, assuring everyone that there is no use even trying.
People in a Gentian state are dissuaded: but they will soon pick up again when things start to go right. Gentians are fully gallant and like full sun or partial shade, and neutral to acid soil that is rich in humus and well drained.
Gentians are fully hardy and like full sun or partial shade, and neutral to acid soil. Gentian is also used as a flavouring, for instance in bitters, and the soft drink " Moxie " that contains "Gentian Root Extractives.
Gentians have trumpet-shaped flowers that are generally deep blue or azure, but may vary from white, creamy and yellow to red. Blue-flowered species preponderate in the Northern Hemisphere, and red in the Andes; white-flowered species are scattered but dominate in New Zealand. Gentians are also popular in wildflower gardens and their congenial blue and purple is not found on other flowers blooming in that season. These ultimate tubular flowers are mostly pentamerous, i.e. with 5 corolla lobes ( petals ), and 5 sepals , but 4-7 in some species.
The style is rather short or distrait. The corolla shows folds (= plicae) between the lobes. The ovary is mostly sessile and has nectary glands. Few species are of medicinal use and their roots were cultivated for the manufacture of tonic liquor, for instance in France "Suze" or similar liquors.