Garlic is a part of the allium genus(Allium sativum). It is correlated to the onion, shallot, and leek. Garlic is arranged in a head, called the "bulb," averaging about 2 inches in height and diameter consisting of number of small separate cloves. Both the cloves and the intact bulb are enclosed in paper-like sheathes that can be white, off-white or pinkish.
Though garlic cloves have a firm texture, they can be easily cut or granulated. The taste of garlic is like no other-it hits the palate with a hot mordacious that is shadowed by a very subtle background sweetness. While elephant garlic has larger cloves, it is more intimately related to the leek and therefore does not offer the full health benefits of regular garlic.
Garlic has long been regarded a medicinal food. It was used to protect against plague by monks in the Middle Ages. Hippocrates used garlic vapors to treat cervical cancer. Garlic has been used both culinary and medicinal purposes. Garlic is also avouched to help regulate blood sugar levels. Routine and prolonged use of therapeutic amounts of aged garlic extracts lower blood homocysteine levels, and has shown to prevent some complications of diabetes mellitus. Garlic supplementation in rats along with a high protein diet has been shown to elevate testosterone levels. It was widely consumed by the ancient Greeks and Romans.
Garlic also has a long dignity in folk medicine and mythology for its health giving properties. Few of these - such as its antbiotic properties. Garlic is broadly used around the world for its pungent flavour, as a seasoning or condiment or to enhance other flavours. Based on the form of cooking. Garlic is normally stored in cooking oil with herbs to yield an oil infused with flavour.
Garlic-infused oils are widely present. Garlic is still grown in Egypt, but the Syrian variety is the kind most reputed now. Garlic has been used as both food and medicine in many traditions for thousands of years, dating as far back as the period that the Egyptian pyramids were built. Garlic is vindicated to help prevent heart disease, including atherosclerosis, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and to improve the immune system. Garlic may also prevent against cancer. Garlic has been found to reduce platelet agglomeration and hyperlipidemia.