Research on the various body disorders has revealed so many illnesses and conditions that are highly undesirable. One of such disorders is Alopecia areata, abbreviated as AA. AA simply refers to a medical condition in which hair is lost from a number of parts of the body. Ideally, the condition is mainly experienced on the scalp, where a section of hair is lost unexpectedly.
Due to the appearance the disorder creates on a person’s scalp, specialists have termed the illness as spot baldness. AA also presents adverse stages, which are
• Hair loss on the whole scalp of a person, a condition known as Alopecia totalis.
• Hair loss on the entire scalp as well as the entire epidermis, a condition known as Alopecia universalis.
The two extreme conditions of hair loss on the scalp have been recorded in very small percentages. However, the most common one is the Alopecia areata.
No one can actually dictate who can contract AA and who cannot. The disease is genetic, so if by any chance a member of your family had or has AA. Then there are high chances that you might suffer the same fate. Moreover the illness is common within people with autoimmune illnesses, such as thyroid disease and lupus.
There exist no external factors that are known to be potential causes of AA. Nevertheless, the illness is believed to be closely related with the autoimmune system of the body. At times the immune system of the body does unexpectedly attack the follicles of the hair resulting into an unusual condition called Alopecia areata.
This mistakenly attack of the hair follicles is attributed to a number of external forces, such forces include the following. Stress: stress has over the years been a contributing factor to a number of illnesses, including anxiety and depression. Such illnesses may lead to abnormal operation of the body system which effectively leads to AA breakouts.
Hormonal changes are also known to facilitate the Alopecia areata attacks. Hormonal changes can be triggered by consumption of drugs, alcohol, and illnesses and so on. Some local skin disorder may lead the body immune system to attack the hair follicles mistakenly leading to AA breakouts. Moreover, systematic illnesses as well as post-acute illnesses are major contributors of AA breakouts.
All the above factors are believed to be the major players in the attacks the immune system present on the hair follicles. However, doctors and researchers have tried to prove the fact that the illness is genetic. Historically, the disease is known to have attacked people from the same bloodline. Ideally, all physical conditions are known to be facilitators of autoimmune disorders.
Medically, doctors and other medical practitioners have not emerged with a conclusive treatment for AA. The treatment options prescribed for AA are meant to assist regrowth of hair. However, there is no assurance that Alopecia areata will not strike again, either at the same locality on the scalp or at a different place altogether. The major medication of AA is Corticosteroids, which is administered in three basic forms. The forms are: injection to the skin, oral pills, or application on the affected parts.