In hyperglycemia, the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin to prevent excessive levels of sugar in the blood. Once diagnosed, diabetics will be able to prevent hyperglycemia by balancing their dietary intake of sugar and by regular insulin injections. Occasionally, hyperglycemia can cause unconsciousness, but the condition generally develops gradually over a period of days or weeks. The symptoms of hyperglycemic coma are as follows:
1. Dry skin.
2. Faint smell of acetone (similar to nail varnish remover or mown grass) on the breath.
3. Rapid pulses.
4. Deep, labored breathing