Bites which have been caused by an animal or a human should always be referred for medical examination because there is a risk that bacteria on teeth and in saliva will lead to infection.
Bleeding can be quite severe depending upon the type and number of bites, and the first abider’s initial aim should be to control the bleeding.
Treatment for a Superficial Wound
1. If bleeding is not severe then wash the wound thoroughly with soap and water to try to remove some of the possible contamination.
2. Control bleeding by applying a sterile dressing or a clean pad and pressing it firmly against the wound.
3. When bleeding has ceased, cover the wound with a fresh dressing held in place with adhesive tape or bandaging.
4. Seek medical examination of the wound. Do not apply Medicated ointment to the wound.
Treatment for a Severe Wound
1. Arrange for the prompt removal of the casualty to hospital.
2. Control serious bleeding by applying direct pressure to the wound(s).
3. Cover the wound with a sterile dressing or a pad of clean cloth.
4. Observe the casualty for signs of shock