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Home :: First Aid

Allergic Reactions

 

Allergic Reactions
Anaphylactic Shock
Animal Bites
Asthma
Bandages Slings
Bleeding
Burns and Scalds
Cardiac Arrest
Choking
Croup
Diabetic Coma
Drowning
Epilepsy
Facial Fracture
Fainting
Febrile Convulsions
Fracture around the Elbow
Fracture of the Hip and Leg
Fracture of the Lower Jaw
Fracture of the Skull
Fracture of the Spine
Fracture of the Upper Arm
Fracture of the Upper Limb
Fracture
Heart Attack
Heat Exhaustion
Heatstroke
Hyperglycaemia
Hyperventilation
Hypoglycaemia
Hypothermia
Insect Stings
Nosebleeds
Open Fracture
Poisoning
Shock
Snake Bites
Unconsciousness

An allergy is an abnormal response by the body to a specific stimulus or allergen. These can be familiar, everyday substances such as house dust, pollen or animal fur, causing mild symptoms such as sneezing, itchiness or a rash. Hay fever, for instance, is an allergic response to pollens in the air and is most commonly experienced in the summer months.

Similarly, many people may suffer unpleasant allergic reactions after ingesting particular foods. Shellfish, nuts and eggs are often the culprits, and most sufferers quickly manage to identify those foods that cause the reaction and thereafter avoid them. Sometimes, casualty can also experience an allergic response to some drugs, such as penicillin, and medical practitioners will always bear this in mind when prescribing medication.

Although allergies can be extremely unpleasant and distressing for the sufferer, they will rarely necessitate first aid or emergency treatment. However, a casualty may occasionally experience a severe and life-threatening reaction to an allergen. This is known as anaphylactic shock and requires urgent medical attention. This reaction can occur in response to bee or wasp stings or the ingestion of nuts or any food that causes allergy in the sufferer and can therefore be extremely difficult to diagnose