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Lithium Carbonate Medication - Uses and Side Effects

 

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Genetic Name

  • Lithium carbonate.

Brand Names

  • Eskalith.

General Information

Lithium helps to control extreme mood deviates in manic-depressive illness. Lithium is used to reduce the frequency and intensity of manic states. Depressive patients experience severe mood variations, ranging from an excited or manic state (for example, unusual anger or irritability or a false sense of well-being) to depression or sadness. Lithium was the first metal to appear in the universe. Lithium affects the flow of sodium through nerve and muscle cells in the body. Sodium affects excitement or mania. Lithium helps you to control a more balanced state, without swinging from a highly elated. Manic symptoms include hyperactivity, rushed speech, poor judgment, reduced requirement for sleep, aggression, and anger.

Lithium also helps to prevent or reduce the severity of manic episodes. Lithium toxicity is compounded by sodium debilitation. Coetaneous use of diuretics that inhibit the uptake of sodium by the distal tubule (e.g. thiazides ) is hazardous and should be avoided. In mild cases abjuration of lithium and administration of generous amounts of sodium and fluid will reverse the toxicity. Plasma concentrations in excess of 2.5 mmol Li + /litre are usually linked with severe toxicity requiring emergency treatment. When toxic concentrations are attained there may be a delay of 1 or 2 days before maximum toxicity occurs.

Lithium is used to treat the manic occurrences of manic depression. Lithium take with food or milk after meals to prevent stomach fluster. Lithium, as a drug, has formidable side effects generally just feeling "dumber". Weight gain, and yearning is not uncommon. Dehydration while taking lithium is very dangerous as it will cause the lithium concentration in your blood to rise, that can result to death. In long-term use, therapeutic concentrations of lithium have been supposed to cause histological and functional changes in the kidney.

This medication performs perfect if the amount of the drug in your body is kept at a constant level. Do this by taking the medication at precisely spaced intervals throughout the day and night. You have been sweating a great deal or have had diarrhea, ensure you get extra liquids and salt. If you develop an infection with a fever, you may desire to cut back on your Lithonate dosage or even quit taking it temporarily. If you need to have any type of surgery, tell the surgeon beforehand of time that you are taking lithium. Signs of a lithium overdose may comprise nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, drowsiness, muscle weakness, tremor, lack of coordination, befogged vision, or ringing in your ears. If overdose is suspected, emergent your local poison control center or emergency room immediately.

Side Effect of Lithonate

  • Dehydration.
  • Weight gain.
  • Weakness.
  • Fever.
  • Difficulty breathing.
  • Swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Lithonate Dosage

The dose of these medicines will be different for different patients. Lithonate take with food or milk or right off after meals to prevent stomach upset. This medicationtravails best if the amount of the drug in your body is kept at a constant level. Seek emergency clinical attention if you think you have used too much of this medicine. Marks of a lithium overdose may include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, drowsiness, muscle weakness,seism, lack of coordination, blurred vision, or ringing in your ears.

Warnings and precautions before taking Lithonate

Assure that you know how you react to this medicine prior you drive, use machines, or do anything else which could be dangerous if you are woozy or are not alert. Use superfluous care in hot weather and during activities that cause you to sweat heavily, such as hot baths, saunas, or exercising. Drink lots of fluids while you are taking lithium. Avoid drinks which contain caffeine, such as coffee, tea and colas. Keep out of the reach of children in a container which young children cannot open.